ADVERTISING
 
Thursday, October 18   Sign in or Register
 
Evangelical Focus
 

 
ADVERTISING
 
 
FOLLOW US ON
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
  • Google +
  • Instagram
  • Soundcloud
 

Newsletter
Newsletter, sign up to receive all our News by email.
 

POLL
Languages
How many languages do you speak?




SEE MORE POLLS
 

 
TOP 10 MOST VIEWED



Jack Barentsen
 

US Elections: Outrage or Reconciliation - A Matter of Identity Leadership

Reconciliation requires sacrifice; it is costly and is humbling. But it is the only way to construct the identity of a nation that fosters peace, generosity and prosperity.

INSTITUTE - LEADERSHIP AND ETHICS AUTHOR Jack Barentsen 10 NOVEMBER 2016 16:25 h GMT+1
Anti-Donald Trump protesters in New York after the election. / Getty

I’m not sure whether to feel relieved or fearful about the outcome of the US elections. I just returned from almost 4 weeks in the US, and have had many conversations about the elections. Everybody was deeply concerned about the future of the country, for various reasons.



Nobody I talked to liked either candidate. I learned quickly in these conversations that I do best to simply listen, because emotions run high and sober discussion is challenging. Sometimes even families are seriously divided over this election.



Most of my friends are evangelical and Republican, and they were surprised when I told them that many in the Netherlands favor Clinton. Not that my friends like Trump – quite the opposite – but to them Clinton is an even worse nightmare. They spoke in apocalyptic terms in case Clinton should be elected – as Clinton supporters do about Trump’s election. What strikes me is the level of fear and suspicion towards the 'other' candidate – it is nearly tangible. Each side magnifies the deficiencies of the ‘other’ candidate and minimizes the deficiencies on one’s own side. The ‘character assassination’ committed by both campaigns didn’t help the matter any.



In the end, my friends voted for Trump (I think) because they feared Clinton more than Trump.



I found out that many people pay hundreds of dollars per month extra for ObamaCare compared to the insurance they used to have. My friends are passionately concerned about Christian values like marriage and sanctity of life, values that Clinton would trounce upon by the Supreme Court judges she would appoint. Many of my friends work much harder than most Europeans, often past their retirement date, to pay off their mortgages and have a reasonable pension, while those who immigrated to the US have faced very difficult and expensive procedures to get their papers; Clinton would take their money in higher taxes and spend it on illegal immigrants who have not complied with the regulations. Can you sense their fear and outrage at what Clinton might do to the country, how she would encroach on their livelihood and families? So no, I am not terribly surprised by Trump’s election.



What I find fascinating about this is the identity dynamics. Each party magnifies the faults of the other, while barely acknowledging their own – a typical feature of identity dynamics. Elections demand that you highlight and exaggerate about all that is good about yourself and your group. One of the easiest ways of doing this is tarnishing the ‘other’, vilifying the outgroup, slinging mud at the other camp. This mostly affirms the loyalty within your own group, for the other camp is outraged, not convinced. Instead, the other camp minimizes all charges, and slings mud in return – again strengthening the loyalty within their own group, a loyalty built on outrage and anger, but hardly convincing the ‘other’.



The apostle Paul once complained that one of his churches was just as divided: “I follow Paul, I follow Apollos, I follow Peter” (1 Cor. 1:12). Interestingly, Paul never denied the unique value that Apollos, Peter and he himself contributed to this church, but he wanted to incorporate these smaller group identities in a more encompassing sense of identity: through baptism, the cross of Christ unites them all. Later, he speaks of a ministry of reconciliation (2 Cor 5:17-20) as the core practice that constitutes the identity of his churches.[1]



I am deeply concerned that our political leaders, in the US, in Europe, and across the world, understand their task in identity construction. It appears easy to lead by dividing, highlighting ‘my group’ and demonizing everyone else. But in the end it is destructive, because it is built on outrage and anger.



Will Trump and many other leaders like him rise above their tactics to appeal to fear and to build anger, dividing people as a way of mobilizing them?



Will political as well as religious leaders focus on building identities of reconciliation where subgroup identities are respected and even celebrated, even while they are valued as part of a larger whole?



Reconciliation requires sacrifice; it is costly and is humbling. But it is the only way to construct the identity of a nation that fosters peace, generosity and prosperity.



 



Jack Barentsen, Ph.D., Associate Professor and Chair of Practical Theology; Researcher Institute for Leadership and Social EthicsEvangelische Theologische Faculteit, Leuven





[1] See also my extensive study: Barentsen, J. (2011). Emerging Leadership in the Pauline Mission: A Social Identity Perspective on Local Leadership Development in Corinth and Ephesus. Eugene: Wipf & Stock.




 

 


0
COMMENTS

    If you want to comment, or

 



 
 
YOUR ARE AT: - - - US Elections: Outrage or Reconciliation - A Matter of Identity Leadership
 
ADVERTISING
 
 
 
AUDIOS Audios
 
Nominal Christianity, a mission field for the church Nominal Christianity, a mission field for the church

An interview with Lars Dahle, of the Steering Committee of the Lausanne Movement Global Consultation on Nominal Christianity held in Rome.

 
Ruth Valerio: A lifestyle that cares about creation Ruth Valerio: A lifestyle that cares about creation

Are Christians called to make a difference in environmental care? What has creation care to do with "loving our neighbours"? An interview with the Global Advocacy and Influencing Director of Tearfund.

 
Kathy Bryan: Online sex trafficking in the USA Kathy Bryan: Online sex trafficking in the USA

“Prostitution is nobody’s dream,  it’s a very traumatic lifestyle”, says Kathy Bryan, director of the Elevate Academy. She mentors former victims.

 
Christians in politics? Christians in politics?

What is the role of Christians serving in politics? An interview with Auke Minnema, the new General Director of the European Christian Political Movement (ECPM).

 
PICTURES Pictures
 
Photos: Reaching people with disabilities Photos: Reaching people with disabilities

Seminars, an arts exhibition, discussion and testimonies. The European Disability Network met in Tallinn.

 
Photos: Hope for Europe Photos: Hope for Europe

Unity in Diversity is the theme of the conference. Representatives of Evangelical Alliances and many other church leaders gathered in Tallinn (Estonia).

 
Sharing Jesus with World Cup fans in Moscow Sharing Jesus with World Cup fans in Moscow

A team of Steiger mission is starting conversations about the gospel in the middst of the football celebration in Russia.

 
European “Bridges to Inclusion” gathering 2018, in Riga European “Bridges to Inclusion” gathering 2018, in Riga

The network of Christian ministries working for the inclusion of people with disabilities, celebrated its tenth continental meeting in Latvia with the participation of 12 countries.

 

 
VIDEO Video
 
Biotechnology: “There is a difference between restoration and enhancement” Biotechnology: “There is a difference between restoration and enhancement”

“We have to understand the times in which we live, and have discernment”, says Doctor Peter J. Saunders.

 
The Manzanas case The Manzanas case

A short documentary about how retired pastors and widows of an evangelical denomination in Spain fight a legal battle for their pensions after the favourable ruling of the European Court of Human Rights.

 
How does romantic love change over time? How does romantic love change over time?

Psychatrist Pablo Martínez uses a metaphor to explain how romantic love evolves.

 
‘Mediterráneo’ ‘Mediterráneo’

“Something will change if you have hunger and thirst for justice”, sings Spanish artist Eva Betoret in a song about the refugee crisis.

 
How the loss of universal values led to a loss of civility How the loss of universal values led to a loss of civility

Author Bruce Little: “We have moved from a sense of responsibility to ‘my personal rights’”.

 
 
Follow us on Soundcloud
Follow us on YouTube
 
 
WE RECOMMEND
 
PARTNERS
 

 
AEE
EVANGELICAL FOCUS belongs to Areópago Protestante, linked to the Spanish Evangelical Alliance (AEE). AEE is member of the European
Evangelical Alliance and World Evangelical Alliance.
 

Opinions expressed are those of their respective contributors and do not necessarily represent the views of Evangelical Focus.