Saturday, September 21   Sign in or Register
Evangelical Focus

  • Twitter
  • Facebook
  • Google +
  • Instagram
  • Soundcloud

Newsletter, sign up to receive all our News by email.

Should Christians join social protests?



Jerry Wiles

Orality in the academy and beyond

Practical resources for advancing the Great Commission.

LAUSANNE MOVEMENT AUTHOR Jerry Wiles 27 JUNE 2018 08:14 h GMT+1
Photo: Pixabay, CC0

Increasing numbers of missionaries, mission executives, pastors, and cross-cultural church planters are coming to an awareness and recognition that the Orality Movement is transformational in our time.[1]

In fact, some now acknowledge that Orality is changing the face of missions and is one of the most significant breakthroughs of the past 500 years.

The Orality Movement seeks to rediscover the most effective ways that people have used to learn, communicate, and process information from the beginning of time.

It is how the gospel spread throughout the entire populated world in the first century, before radio, television, the printing press, and other modern technological resources were available.

It also seeks to understand better the various worldviews and cultural value systems of Oral societies and to appreciate comparatively relational and communal Oral people groups and Oral Preference Communicators.


Photo: Pixabay, CC0

As the Orality Movement becomes more visible and credible, the academic community is gaining interest and looking at ways of engagement.

While Orality Studies have been around for more than 100 years, it is only in the past 40 years or so that they have become a significant conversation in the church and mission world.


Multiple disciplines of orality

When we engage with a broader understanding of the Orality Movement, we recognize the variety of academic disciplines related to the overall Orality domain:

- It may not be obvious on the surface, but with a deeper look, we can see that there are actually many aspects and disciplines connected to Orality.

- These include various facets of theology, missiology, psychology, sociology, cultural anthropology, and epistemology—just to name a few.

- There are also other fields of study that are important but may be even less obvious, such as learning and communication theory, communitarianism, narratology, transportation imagery, trauma therapy, arts and architecture, action learning, and guided discovery model.

By acquiring a deeper and broader understanding of the concepts, principles, and practices of Orality, we can begin to connect the multiple aspects and applications as they relate to ministry and missions.

In the global community of learning and practice, especially among the International Orality Network  as well other alliances, associations, and networks, oral cultures and traditions are being examined more closely than ever in the current church and mission movements.


Orality missiology

Still in its early stages, the Orality Missiology Collaboration Group (website not created yet) consists of a growing number of practitioners, trainers, researchers, and scholars.

It now also includes several doctoral candidates doing dissertations on Orality and related topics. In our research and innovation efforts, we are discovering seminaries, universities, and other institutions of higher education with excellent programs that fit within the Orality domain.

Some of those include areas such as ethnomusicology, ethnodoxology, ethnodramology, and theological aesthetics.


Photo: Pixabay, CC0

Other disciplines or fields of study related to Orality include narrative communication, Oral traditions, Early Church history, linguistics, cross-cultural studies, Oral literature and worldview issues.

There is growing recognition within the Orality missions community and educational institutions that there are many resources available to enable one to gain understanding of this important field of learning and practice:

-Two of those are the Center for Studies in Oral Tradition and the International Society for Studies in Oral Tradition.

- There are numerous scholars, conferences, lecture series, articles, and events which are addressing issues such as Biblical Performance Criticism, Rhetoric, Arts, Oral Poetry and Village Proverbs.


Orality-based resources

Despite the massive volume of scholarly research, theses, dissertations and documents, there seems to be a shortage of contemporary application in terms of mission and ministry strategies.

However, that is changing, as there is greater awareness of these resources and as we get feedback and reports from grass-roots movements.

One of the advantages we have now, in contrast to approximately 40 years ago, is we can access the lessons learned and ‘impact stories’ from the work of practitioners and trainers in the Orality Movement.

Many case studies, articles, and journals have come out of recent applications and can be useful to seminaries, universities, and other institutions implementing Orality Study Programs.

In our ever growing Orality learning journey, we are discovering work that has been done over the years, but may not be visible to the church or mission world.

The World Oral Literature Project is a good example of great scholarly work from many difference presenters and participants.

For example, its 2012 Workshop included scholars from Yale University, SIL International, University of Hawaii, San Diego State University, University of Amsterdam, University of Cambridge, University of Missouri, Charles University – The Netherlands, University of Melbourne, and several others from Africa and Asia.


Orality Sudies and Oral Traditions

The Oxford Biblical Studies Online is another source for Orality Studies and Oral Tradition. A good number of scholars and institutions provide a wealth of research and knowledge.

Many articles and resources can be found relating to areas such as historical criticism, narrative hermeneutics, performance communication, reception theory, theatre and performance studies, rhetorical criticism, typology, form criticism, and many others.

On the surface, these many not seem related to the field of Orality, but are important in understanding the broad Orality domain.

One of the great needs within the evangelical church and mission world, in developing an awareness of the Orality Movement, is a broader exposure to the scholarly research and study that has already been done over a long period of time.

Because of the wide variety and diversity of traditions involved, many have not crossed over their own denominational or institutional comfort zone to see the bigger picture.


North-south collaboration

As an example of north-south collaboration in reaching oral learners, the recent International Orality Network – Southeast Asia Convergence (ION-SEA), held in the Philippines, was a platform for multi-level exchange and collaboration.

ION leaders from North America, Africa and the Middle East engaged with leaders from more than 20 nations in that region. Representatives from the Asia Theological Association and the International Council for Evangelical Theological Education are part of ION SEA and the global network of ministries and mission organizations.

Institutions such as the Asia Graduate School of Theology and South Africa Theological Seminary are able to connect with North American-based institutions like Biola University, Fuller Theological Seminary, Wheaton College, University of Toronto, and others.

Oklahoma Baptist University now offers a Minor in Orality Studies. Other institutions will have an emphasis on or concentration in Orality as part of their Intercultural and/or Cross-Cultural Study programs.

While many in the Church in the global North think of Orality as storytelling or storying, understanding within the Orality Missiology conversation of the multiple aspects and applications of Orality is growing fast and will continue to do so. 

One of the advantages we enjoy now, in contrast to just a few years ago, is the availability of impact stories and examples of how the concepts, principles and practices of Orality are working in practical ways.

Increasing numbers of case studies and reports are demonstrating its effectiveness in areas such as relief and development work, community health, church planting, disciple-making movements, and many others.


Orality impact stories

Reports and feedback from mission boards and agencies are providing new and much-needed data that can be very helpful to institutions implementing Orality studies in seminaries and other institutions.


Photo: Pixabay, CC0

For example, Living Water International  and others have now put in place monitoring and evaluation programs to measure better how Orality is improving effectiveness in community development, as well as serving churches, ministries and church planting efforts.

Many other members of the ION can now provide documentation to assist and support classroom training curricula.


Orality forums and consultations

The Orality in Theological Education Consultations that have been held since 2012 have also made a key contribution to Orality-related study programs in the United States and around the world.

They have been hosted by Wheaton College, Hong Kong Baptist Seminary, Asbury Theological Seminary, Houston Baptist University, Oklahoma Baptist University, Daystar University in Nairobi, Kenya and Jos Theological Seminary in Nigeria.

Preliminary plans are underway for other forums and consultations on Orality Missiology, and related topics, to be held in the United Kingdom, Latin America, the United States, Asia and Africa.

The International Society for Orality Missiology is still in its formation stages but will exist to serve and support scholars and institutions that desire to create Orality Studies programs.

Presently members of the ION leadership team are coaching and coordinating with several doctoral students writing dissertations on Orality and related topics. These dissertations will be valuable resources for other scholars, students, practitioners and trainers, as well as seminaries and universities.


A global community of learning and collaboration

A significant reason for the growing body of knowledge and experience in Orality is the cross-pollination and partnerships between the ION and other networks and alliances, such as the Global Alliance for Church Multiplication National Religious Broadcasters, Accord Network, Christian Leadership Alliance, Missio Nexus, Mission America Coalition, and the Lausanne Movement.

Connecting and networking with Bible Societies and Bible translators is also contributing to the knowledge base that can benefit Orality Studies. Another important aspect is the availability of modern communications technology.

Amid the multi-faceted aspects of the Orality Movement, the leadership of ION is striving to make the Great Commission the central focus.

That means communicating the Gospel and making disciples, and doing so in ways that are international, cross-cultural and reproducible to all places and every people group on earth.

For those who are relatively new to the Orality Movement and would like to learn more, there are a good number of articles and resources posted at

A good place to learn more about Orality and Bible Storying training opportunities would be, or contact Jerry Wiles at

For additional scholarly resources, visit

Jerry Wiles serves as North America Regional Director of the International Orality Network and as President Emeritus of Living Water International.

This article originally appeared in the May 2018 issue of the Lausanne Global Analysis and is published here with permission as part of the LGA Media Partnership. Learn more about this flagship publication from the Lausanne Movement at


Editor’s Note: See article by Tom Steffen entitled, ‘Tracking the Orality Movement: Some implications for 21st century missions’, in March 2014 issue of Lausanne Global Analysis




    If you want to comment, or


YOUR ARE AT: - - - Orality in the academy and beyond
Julia Doxat-Purser: 25 years of EEA office in Brussels Julia Doxat-Purser: 25 years of EEA office in Brussels

An interview with the socio-political representative of the European Evangelical Alliance about how evangelical Christians work at the heart of the European Union.

Ruth Valerio: A lifestyle that cares about creation Ruth Valerio: A lifestyle that cares about creation

Are Christians called to make a difference in environmental care? What has creation care to do with "loving our neighbours"? An interview with the Global Advocacy and Influencing Director of Tearfund.

Lars Dahle: Nominal Christianity, a mission field for the church Lars Dahle: Nominal Christianity, a mission field for the church

An interview with Lars Dahle, of the Steering Committee of the Lausanne Movement Global Consultation on Nominal Christianity held in Rome.

IFES World Assembly: ‘Messengers of Hope’ IFES World Assembly: ‘Messengers of Hope’

Students, graduates and staff of the global evangelical student movement reflected together on how the books of Luke and Acts apply to today's universities.

Christians at work - the missing link in fulfilling the Great Commission Christians at work - the missing link in fulfilling the Great Commission

Photos of the Lausanne Movement Global Workplace Forum, celebrated in Manila.

European Freedom Network Bridge 2019 conference European Freedom Network Bridge 2019 conference

Images of the fifth EFN gathering. Experts, activists, counsellors and church leaders met in Pescara, Italy.

A tent of hope for Venezuelan refugees A tent of hope for Venezuelan refugees

Thousands still cross the border to Colombia every week, and many continue on foot into the interior. Christian young people have set up an aid station along the road.

What are some biblical models of social and political reformers? What are some biblical models of social and political reformers?

“As Christians today, we live in a Babylon of our own, but we can be morally distinctive and obedient to Christ”, Peter Saunders, CEO Christian Medical Fellowship, says.

How has Christianity influenced the modern world? How has Christianity influenced the modern world?

Paul Copan, Chair of Philosophy and Ethics of Palm Beach Atlantic University, explains how many key features of Western civilization, are the legacy of the biblical faith being lived out by believers in society.

GWF in Manila: “Kingdom building requires global collaboration” GWF in Manila: “Kingdom building requires global collaboration”

850 from 108 countries met for the Global Workplace Forum, June 25-29. The gathering was organised by the Lausanne Movement. “Every workplace is a place of ministry”.

Follow us on Soundcloud
Follow us on YouTube

EVANGELICAL FOCUS belongs to Areópago Protestante, linked to the Spanish Evangelical Alliance (AEE). AEE is member of the European
Evangelical Alliance and World Evangelical Alliance.

Opinions expressed are those of their respective contributors and do not necessarily represent the views of Evangelical Focus.