ADVERTISING
 
Sunday, September 15   Sign in or Register
 
Evangelical Focus
 
Flecha
 
ADVERTISING
 
 
FOLLOW US ON
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
  • Google +
  • Instagram
  • Soundcloud
 

Newsletter
Newsletter, sign up to receive all our News by email.
 
 

POLL
Society
Should Christians join social protests?



SEE MORE POLLS
 

 
TOP 10 MOST VIEWED



Archaeology
 

DNA and the Bible agree on the origin of the Philistines

A genetic study of the remains of an old cemetery confirms their Mediterranean origin, as the Old Testament says.

SOURCES Protestante Digital, National Geographic AUTHOR Evangelical Focus JERUSALEM 09 JULY 2019 12:50 h GMT+1
Excavation in Ashkelon, a Philistine city. / Leon Levy Project

The first DNA study recovered from an ancient Philistine site, has provided unique genetic information about the origins of one of the most famous Old Testament people.



The Philistines have a very strong presence in the Bible. They were one of the neighboring nations of Israel during the time of the Judges and Kings of Israel and Judah.



 



PHILISTINES, A DIFFERENT PEOPLE



Archaeologists agree that the Philistines were different from their neighbors: their arrival on the eastern shores of the Mediterranean, at the beginning of the 12th century BC is marked by a pottery wich is so similar to the one of the Ancient Greece; the use of an Aegean alphabet - instead of the Semitic - and the consumption of pork.



A study published last week in the journal Science Advances, prompted by the unprecedented discovery of a cemetery in the ancient Philistine city of Ashkelon on the southern coast of Israel in 2016, provides data on the genetic origins and legacy of the Philistines.



 



MEDITERRANEAN ORIGIN



The investigation seems to support its foreign origin, as mentioned in the Bible, but it also reveals that they soon married people from local populations.



The study analyzed the DNA of ten sets of human remains recovered from Ashkelon, which belong to three different time periods: a Middle/Late Age Bronze cemetery (between 1650 and 1200 BC), prior to the Philistine presence in the area; children's burials from the late twelfth century BC, after the arrival of the Philistines in the early Iron Age; and the people buried in the Philistine cemetery at the end of the Iron Age (10th and 9th centuries BC).



The researchers explained that four DNA samples from the early Iron Age, all from children buried under the floors of Philistine houses, proportionally include more “additional European ancestry” in their genetic signatures (almost 14%) than the pre-Philistine samples of the Age of Bronze (2% to 9%).



Although the origins of this additional "European ancestry" are inconclusive, the most plausible models point to Greece, Crete (which is mentioned in the Bible), Sardinia and the Iberian peninsula.



Daniel Master, director of the Leon Levy Expedition to Ashkelon, and co-author of the study, considers the results as “direct evidence” that supports the theory that the Philistines were immigrants from the West, who settled in Ashkelon in the 12th century BC.



“It fits with the Egyptian texts and others that we have, and it fits with the archaeological material” and the story of the Bible, he said.



 



830 BC. Map / Wikimedia Commons.



 



SHORT GENETIC SIGNATURE



Researchers were surprised that this specific “European blip” disappears quickly and is statistically insignificant in the study's DNA samples retrieved from the Ashkelon cemetery just a few centuries after the children's graves.



The later Philistine tombs have genetic signatures very similar to the local populations that lived in the region before the appearance of the Philistines.



“We managed to catch this movement of people coming to Ashkelon from southern Europe. Then it disappears very quickly within 200 years, probably because the Philistines intermarried and this kind of genetic signature was diluted within the local population”, said Michal Feldman, an archaeogeneticist at the Max Planck Institute and study co-author.



Despite the rapid genetic assimilation that the Philistines went through, they remained a distinct cultural group that was clearly identifiable from their neighbors for more than five centuries, until they were conquered by the Babylonians in 604 BC.



 



PHILISTINES IN THE BIBLE



In the book of Amos we read that the Philistines came from Caftor, that is, the island of Crete. This town took control of the coastal region, so that they are identified as a people of the sea.



The fact that the “exclusive” marks of their origin disappeared in time, coincides with the story of the book of Judges. In Samson's time there were clear social ties, since the famous judge of Israel even married a Philistine.



Later on, in the time of Samuel, the Philistines become military stronger and the confrontation with Israel went further, to the point that they captured the Ark of the Covenant.



Israel had a great victory against the Philistine army led by Goliath, which elevated the figure of the future King David, who throughout his reign won important victories over some Philistine cities.


 

 


0
COMMENTS

    If you want to comment, or

 



 
 
YOUR ARE AT: - - DNA and the Bible agree on the origin of the Philistines
 
ADVERTISING
 
 
 
AUDIOS Audios
 
Julia Doxat-Purser: 25 years of EEA office in Brussels Julia Doxat-Purser: 25 years of EEA office in Brussels

An interview with the socio-political representative of the European Evangelical Alliance about how evangelical Christians work at the heart of the European Union.

 
Ruth Valerio: A lifestyle that cares about creation Ruth Valerio: A lifestyle that cares about creation

Are Christians called to make a difference in environmental care? What has creation care to do with "loving our neighbours"? An interview with the Global Advocacy and Influencing Director of Tearfund.

 
Lars Dahle: Nominal Christianity, a mission field for the church Lars Dahle: Nominal Christianity, a mission field for the church

An interview with Lars Dahle, of the Steering Committee of the Lausanne Movement Global Consultation on Nominal Christianity held in Rome.

 
Arie de Pater: Refugees deserve a fair and efficient process Arie de Pater: Refugees deserve a fair and efficient process

The Brussels representative of the European Evangelical Alliance offers a Christian perspective on the crisis: “We can’t reduce people to just a number that needs to be controlled”.

 
PICTURES Pictures
 
IFES World Assembly: ‘Messengers of Hope’ IFES World Assembly: ‘Messengers of Hope’

Students, graduates and staff of the global evangelical student movement reflected together on how the books of Luke and Acts apply to today's universities.

 
Christians at work - the missing link in fulfilling the Great Commission Christians at work - the missing link in fulfilling the Great Commission

Photos of the Lausanne Movement Global Workplace Forum, celebrated in Manila.

 
European Freedom Network Bridge 2019 conference European Freedom Network Bridge 2019 conference

Images of the fifth EFN gathering. Experts, activists, counsellors and church leaders met in Pescara, Italy.

 
VIDEO Video
 
A tent of hope for Venezuelan refugees A tent of hope for Venezuelan refugees

Thousands still cross the border to Colombia every week, and many continue on foot into the interior. Christian young people have set up an aid station along the road.

 
What are some biblical models of social and political reformers? What are some biblical models of social and political reformers?

“As Christians today, we live in a Babylon of our own, but we can be morally distinctive and obedient to Christ”, Peter Saunders, CEO Christian Medical Fellowship, says.

 
How has Christianity influenced the modern world? How has Christianity influenced the modern world?

Paul Copan, Chair of Philosophy and Ethics of Palm Beach Atlantic University, explains how many key features of Western civilization, are the legacy of the biblical faith being lived out by believers in society.

 
Chinese Homecoming Gathering: Thousands say 'we’re one' Chinese Homecoming Gathering: Thousands say 'we’re one'

Christians from China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, and North America, from different ethnic backgronds, came together to pray for unity as the body of Christ.

 
GWF in Manila: “Kingdom building requires global collaboration” GWF in Manila: “Kingdom building requires global collaboration”

850 from 108 countries met for the Global Workplace Forum, June 25-29. The gathering was organised by the Lausanne Movement. “Every workplace is a place of ministry”.

 
 
Follow us on Soundcloud
Follow us on YouTube
 
 
WE RECOMMEND
 
PARTNERS
 

 
AEE
EVANGELICAL FOCUS belongs to Areópago Protestante, linked to the Spanish Evangelical Alliance (AEE). AEE is member of the European
Evangelical Alliance and World Evangelical Alliance.
 

Opinions expressed are those of their respective contributors and do not necessarily represent the views of Evangelical Focus.