Commercial and bureaucratic hindrances collided with an uncontrollable reality: the faith of many players.
Preventing and treating human disease is a praiseworthy goal. But it must not be allowed to become a reason to turn human beings into designer products.
Any society that wants to survive must care for the weak and vulnerable in their midst.
A look at European statistics on five key biomedical issues: surrogate parenthood, gender transformation, the new eugenics, euthanasia and abortion.
Dr Calum MacKellar considers the ethics of the editing of human genes in the creation of embryos