ADVERTISING
 
Monday, April 23   Sign in or Register
 
Evangelical Focus
 

 
 
 
FOLLOW US ON
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
  • Google +
  • Instagram
  • Soundcloud
 

Newsletter
Newsletter, sign up to receive all our News by email.
 
 

POLL
Easter
What we read in the Gospels about the life, death and ressurrection of Jesus Christ is...





SEE MORE POLLS
 

 
TOP 10 MOST VIEWED



Antonio Cruz
 

The dance of satyrs

The ancient Egyptians tamed them and trained them to collect fruit from the tallest trees, like palms, and even to look after flocks of sheep, just as certain breeds of dog are trained to do nowadays.

ZOE AUTHOR Antonio Cruz TRANSLATOR Roger Marshall 08 APRIL 2018 11:00 h GMT+1
Photo: Antonio Cruz.

But desert creatures will lie there,



jackals will fill her houses;



there the owls will dwell,



and there the wild goats will leap about.



Isaiah 13:21



 



Some versions of the Bible translate these verses from Isaiah (13:21 and 34:14) to include the word “satyrs”  while others refer to “hairy creatures”, and also as “hairy goats”, “wild goats” or “mountain goats”. Some even go so far as to say that these “satyrs” were demons in the form of goats which would meet in desert spaces to hold covens.



This reflects the difficulty translators had in grasping the original Hebrew concept. However, other authors believe that this could refer to the baboon or hairy monkey, which in ancient times inhabited the Biblical regions as far as the Euphrates, and used to frequent derelict human constructions.



Generally speaking, these monkeys had a face rather similar to that of the dog, and quite long hair, especially in the case of adult males. There are several different species of primates, but the sacred baboons (Papio hamadryas) were the most important in ancient Egypt. They are old-world primates (that is to say they have a very narrow nasal septum and a non-prehensile tail) which belonged to the Cercopithecidae family.



The males are much larger than the females (sexual dimorphism) and possess impressive looking fangs which they use in fights, and to defend their tribe. The hair on their head and shoulders makes them seem more corpulent and formidable than they really are. They have longer hair than other baboon species, which in the case of the male is greyish, while in the female it is brown. Their face, hands and hips are usually bright red.



Now they live in desert areas, savannahs and the rocky regions of Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia. There are also small populations in the Arab peninsula, near the coasts of the Red Sea.



The ancient Egyptians tamed them and trained them to collect fruit from the tallest trees, like palms, and even to look after flocks of sheep, just as certain breeds of dog are trained to do nowadays.



The relationship between the ancient Egyptians and these monkeys was so close that they actually worshiped them as if they were gods. The Egyptian god Thot took on the form of a lesser local god called Babi, who had the appearance of a baboon, which is actually the origin of the term baboon. Needless to say, the monotheistic Israelites despised the polytheism of the Egyptians and their habit of divinising animals.



Isaiah 13:21 is referring to the final destruction of Babylon. It predicts that Babylon will be destroyed as completely as Sodom and Gomorrah were. And indeed this prophecy was fulfilled, albeit gradually. It the time of the emperor Hadrian (76-138 AD) only the walls remained around which only vermin and desert creatures remained alive.


 

 


0
COMMENTS

    If you want to comment, or

 



 
 
YOUR ARE AT: - - - The dance of satyrs
 
ADVERTISING
 
 
 
AUDIOS Audios
 
Christians in politics? Christians in politics?

What is the role of Christians serving in politics? An interview with Auke Minnema, the new General Director of the European Christian Political Movement (ECPM).

 
Michael Ramsden: Communicating the Gospel in today’s societies Michael Ramsden: Communicating the Gospel in today’s societies

RZIM International Director Michael Ramsden responds to questions about the secularisation of Europe, the role of Christians in public leadership and the new ‘culture of victimism’.

 
Michael Schluter: Relationships are the key to build Europe Michael Schluter: Relationships are the key to build Europe

The economist summarises the manifesto “Confederal Europe: Strong Nations, Strong Union” and explains why personal relationships should be at the centre of our economy, education and democracy. 

 
Efraim Tendero: Relationship with Roman Catholicism and other current issues Efraim Tendero: Relationship with Roman Catholicism and other current issues

The World Evangelical Alliance Secretary General participated in the Italian Evangelical Alliance assembly (Rome, 8-9 April). In this interview with Evangelical Focus, Bp Tendero talks about the need to listen to local churches and to face challenges like the refugee crisis and climate change. 

 
Greg Pritchard: European Leadership Forum Greg Pritchard: European Leadership Forum

Pritchard explains the vision of ELF, comments on the 2015 event in Poland and reflects on what it means to have an "evangelical identity".

 
Evi Rodemann: Youth and mission Evi Rodemann: Youth and mission

“We want to see the youth not just being equipped, but also being multipliers”, Evi Rodemann director of Mission-Net. The European Congress took place in Germany from December 28 to January 2.

 
PICTURES Pictures
 
Coexistence in the church - a model for society Coexistence in the church - a model for society

“Gospel, identity and coexistence” were the themes of the General Assembly of the Spanish Evangelical Alliance. Two days in Palma de Mallorca to reflect about the role of evangelical churches in society.

 
'Ungi kulimi changana' 'Ungi kulimi changana'

Educator and journalist Jordi Torrents shares images of the Sekeleka social centre in Mozambique. About 50 children live there, many with some kind of disability. All photos were taken with permission.

 
The President in an evangelical church on Christmas Eve The President in an evangelical church on Christmas Eve

For the first time, the President of Portugal attended a worship service in an evangelical church. It was in Sintra, on Christmas Eve.

 
I am not on sale I am not on sale

Young Christians gathered at Madrid’s central square Sol to denounce human trafficking. A flashmob highlighted the work of three evangelical NGOs which support women who escape sexual slavery in Spain.

 
Stamps to commemorate the Reformation Stamps to commemorate the Reformation

Poland, Lithuania, Namibia and Brazil are some of the countries that have issued special stamps on the 500th anniversary of Martin Luther’s 95 theses.

 
VIDEO Video
 
Why are Christian leaders particularly vulnerable to sexual temptation? Why are Christian leaders particularly vulnerable to sexual temptation?

“The reasons why somebody might have sex with a prostitute are very different from the reasons why somebody might want to have an affair with a member of their congregation”. An analysis by John Stevens, National Director of FIEC (UK).

 
Be safe on social media Be safe on social media

A video about the way traffickers target teenage girls online, produced by anti-slavery gorup Abolishion.

 
In Mission In Mission

A 360º lyric video about how all followers of Jesus Christ are called to serve God. Duo in Spanish (Alex Sampedro) and Portuguese (Marcos Martins).

 
Heart Heart

A short animation film by Swiss cartoonist Alain Auderset tells the message of the Bible in four minutes.

 
Philip Yancey interview Philip Yancey interview

An 8-minute interview with Philip Yancey on the role of Christians in a secularised society. Recorded in Madrid, September 2016.

 
An interview with Prof. John Lennox An interview with Prof. John Lennox

New atheism, the definition of "faith", Christianity in Europe, the role of the Bible in mission, and the need to listen more. An exclusive interview recorded at "Forum Apologética" (Tarragona, Spain) in May 2016.

 
 
Follow us on Soundcloud
Follow us on YouTube
 
 
WE RECOMMEND
 
PARTNERS
 

 
AEE
EVANGELICAL FOCUS belongs to Areópago Protestante, linked to the Spanish Evangelical Alliance (AEE). AEE is member of the European
Evangelical Alliance and World Evangelical Alliance.
 

Opinions expressed are those of their respective contributors and do not necessarily represent the views of Evangelical Focus.