ADVERTISING
 
Saturday, December 14   Sign in or Register
 
Evangelical Focus
 

 
 
 
FOLLOW US ON
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
  • Google +
  • Instagram
  • Soundcloud
 

Newsletter
Newsletter, sign up to receive all our News by email.
 
 

POLL
Society
Should Christians join social protests?



SEE MORE POLLS
 

 
TOP 10 MOST VIEWED



Antonio Cruz
 

The fat of rams

Sometimes the ram’s tail grew so much and was so heavy that it actually trailed along the ground, inflicting painful injuries on the animal. When the Bible refers to the “entire fat tail” (Lev. 3:9), this is what the writer has in mind.

ZOE AUTHOR Antonio Cruz TRANSLATOR Roger Marshall 02 MARCH 2019 15:00 h GMT+1
Photo: Antonio Cruz

The term “ram”, is very frequent in the Bible, appearing no fewer than 159 times in the Reina Valera 1960 translation. The Hebrew word is ail, which etymologically denotes “strength”. It was translated into Greek as kríos, which means “ram”. The ram is a male, ovine, ruminating mammal, with powerful, curved, spiralling horns with transverse ridges. It is a domesticated animal, bred primarily for its meat and the wool covering its body, which is usually white (though there are also black rams) and always thick and flexible.



The breed of sheep to which the rams mentioned in Scripture belonged (Ovis laticaudata) is well-adapted to the semi-desert regions of Israel. This ram, known as the Bujaria ram, which originated in the Turkestan region of the former Soviet Union, had a long fatty tail that was offered, together with the ram’s meat, as part of the sacrifices, as this part is considered to be particularly exquisite. Sometimes the ram’s tail grew so much and was so heavy that it actually trailed along the ground, inflicting painful injuries on the animal. When that happened, the shepherd would place a sort of little trolley behind the animal to prevent it from dragging its tail on the ground. When the Bible refers to the “entire fat tail” (Lev. 3:9), this is what the writer has in mind. In some eastern countries, the ram’s tail is still eaten as a delicious delicacy, as the blend of fat and bone marrow constitutes a unique kind of buttery substance.



The Hebrews at the time of the Old Testament, horns or war-trumpets (the so-called sophar), from the ram’s horns.



The Hebrews ate rams and considered the meat to be a very nutritious food source. (Gen. 31:38; Ezek. 39:18). These male animals were valued more highly than sheep or lambs, and, therefore, were considered more appropriate for sacrifice (Gen. 15:9; Num. 15:5, 6; 28:11 ff; Mic. 6:7). They were presented as a burnt offering (Lev. 8:18, 21; 9:2; 16:3; 29:18; Num. 7:15; Psalm 46:15; Is. 1:11; Ezek. 45:23) and sometimes as thanksgiving offerings (Lev. 9:4, 18; Num. 6:14, 17; 7:17; 28:11). When the purpose of the sacrifice was to ask God for forgiveness of some personal fault “in the holy things of the Lord”, it was a ram that had to be killed (Lev. 5:15; 6:6 cf. Lev. 19:21; Num. 5:8; Ezra 10:19). This animal was also offered in the Nazarene purification rite (Num. 6:14) and in the dedication of the priests. The skins of rams, dyed red, served, among other things, as coverings for the Tabernacle (Ex. 26:14). The horns, or sophar were used as war-trumpets and on the occasion of the Jubilee (Joshua 6:4-6, 8, 13).





Photo: Antonio Cruz



The sheep (Ovis orientalis) is an artiodactylous mammal belonging to the bovid family, which includes domesticated sheep and a range of wild Euro-Asiatic breeds of ram, such as the mouflon and urial, which have very elaborate horns. There are nine different sub-breeds. The origin of the sheep is unknown, but what is clear is that it is relation to the mouflon (especially those from Anatolia, Iran, Cyprus, Sardinia and Corsica) must be close as they can be cross-bred and have fertile offspring. The chromosome and archaeological data available to us indicate that the domesticated sheep descends from the mouflon and that it was initially domesticated somewhere in the eastern Mediterranean region about ten thousand years ago. Later, from the Fertile Crescent, it spread throughout the entire Mediterranean basin. A curious feature of all the wild breeds is their short tail, while the domesticated breeds usually have a long tail. This appears to be the result of degeneration caused by domestication.



The mouflons of the Atlas Mountains (Ammotragus lervia), also known as Barbary sheep, are native to the rocky areas of the Sahara and Maghreb, although they have also appeared in other regions, even in Egypt. (I took this photo in the Experimental La Hoya Estate in Almeria, formerly known as the Sub-Saharan Fauna Rescue Park - thanks to the kindness of the director of the centre).



The great English preacher C.H Spurgeon, in his commentary on Psalm 37, writes the following:



“The enemies of the Lord shall be as the fat of rams. As the sacrificial fat was all consumed upon the altar, so shall the ungodly utterly vanish from the place of their honour and pride. How can it be otherwise? If the stubble dares to contend with the flame, to what end can it hope to come? They shall consume. As dry wood, as heaps of leaves, as burning coals, they shall soon be gone, and gone altogether, for into smoke shall they consume away. (...) They made themselves fat, and perished in their own grease. Consumers of the good they tried to be, and consumed they shall be”.[1]



[1] The Treasury of David (Abridged), Charles Spurgeon


 

 


0
COMMENTS

    If you want to comment, or

 



 
 
YOUR ARE AT: - - - The fat of rams
 
ADVERTISING
 
 
AUDIOS Audios
 
Julia Doxat-Purser: 25 years of EEA office in Brussels Julia Doxat-Purser: 25 years of EEA office in Brussels

An interview with the socio-political representative of the European Evangelical Alliance about how evangelical Christians work at the heart of the European Union.

 
Ruth Valerio: A lifestyle that cares about creation Ruth Valerio: A lifestyle that cares about creation

Are Christians called to make a difference in environmental care? What has creation care to do with "loving our neighbours"? An interview with the Global Advocacy and Influencing Director of Tearfund.

 
Lars Dahle: Nominal Christianity, a mission field for the church Lars Dahle: Nominal Christianity, a mission field for the church

An interview with Lars Dahle, of the Steering Committee of the Lausanne Movement Global Consultation on Nominal Christianity held in Rome.

 
Testimony: Wildfires near Athens Testimony: Wildfires near Athens

Nico Spies, a Christian worker in Athens, gives details about the wildfires in Greece.

 
PICTURES Pictures
 
Min19: Childhood, family and the church Min19: Childhood, family and the church

The first evangelical congress on childhood and family was held in Madrid. Pictures of the event, November 1-2.

 
IFES World Assembly: ‘Messengers of Hope’ IFES World Assembly: ‘Messengers of Hope’

Students, graduates and staff of the global evangelical student movement reflected together on how the books of Luke and Acts apply to today's universities.

 
Christians at work - the missing link in fulfilling the Great Commission Christians at work - the missing link in fulfilling the Great Commission

Photos of the Lausanne Movement Global Workplace Forum, celebrated in Manila.

 
European Freedom Network Bridge 2019 conference European Freedom Network Bridge 2019 conference

Images of the fifth EFN gathering. Experts, activists, counsellors and church leaders met in Pescara, Italy.

 
VIDEO Video
 
World Evangelical Alliance General Assembly highlights World Evangelical Alliance General Assembly highlights

The World Evangelical Alliance's General Assembly 2019 in Jakarta, Indonesia, brought together 800 evangelicals from 92 countries to pray, worship and cast vision for the new decade of holistic discipleship.

 
What defines a godly leader? What defines a godly leader?

Adrian Reynolds, Associate National Director for the Fellowship of Independent Evangelical Churches (FIEC), explains how a godly leader should be.

 
Kanye West sings to Jesus with inmates Kanye West sings to Jesus with inmates

The hip-hop artist and his gospel choir performed ‘Jesus Is King’ songs in a Houston prison. Images of the Harris County Sheriff's Office.

 
How can we encourage believers to serve Jesus with us? How can we encourage believers to serve Jesus with us?

“It is not just pastors who do ministry. When the saints are doing the ministry too, the Body of Christ is build up and grows towards maturity in the faith”, says Greg Ogden, Chairman Global Discipleship Initiative.

 
 
Follow us on Soundcloud
Follow us on YouTube
 
 
WE RECOMMEND
 
PARTNERS
 

 
AEE
EVANGELICAL FOCUS belongs to Areópago Protestante, linked to the Spanish Evangelical Alliance (AEE). AEE is member of the European
Evangelical Alliance and World Evangelical Alliance.
 

Opinions expressed are those of their respective contributors and do not necessarily represent the views of Evangelical Focus.